The Book of Kells

The Book of Kells ( is an illuminated manuscript Gospel book in Latin, consisting of the four Gospels of the New Testament together with different prefatory texts and tables. It was created in a Columban monastery in either Britain or Ireland and might have had contributions from different Columban institutions from both Britain and Ireland. It is believed to have been developed c. 800 ADVERTISEMENT. The text of the Gospels is mainly drawn from the Vulgate, although it also includes a number of passages drawn from the earlier versions of the Bible referred to as the Vetus Latina. It is a masterwork of Western calligraphy and represents the pinnacle of Insular illumination. It is likewise extensively considered as one of Ireland’s finest national treasures. The manuscript takes its name from the Abbey of Kells, which was its home for centuries.

The illustrations and ornamentation of the Book of Kells surpass that of other Insular Gospel books in luxury and intricacy. The design combines standard Christian iconography with the elaborate swirling motifs common of Insular art. Figures of human beings, animals and mythical monsters, together with Celtic knots and interlacing patterns in vibrant colours, perk up the manuscript’s pages. Many of these small ornamental elements are imbued with Christian symbolism and so additional emphasise the styles of the significant illustrations.

The manuscript today consists of 340 leaves or folios; the recto and verso of each leaf overall 680 pages. Since 1953, it has actually been bound in 4 volumes. The leaves are top quality calf vellum; the unprecedentedly intricate ornamentation that covers them consists of ten full-page illustrations and text pages that are lively with decorated initials and interlinear miniatures, marking the furthest extension of the anti-classical and energetic qualities of Insular art. The Insular majuscule script of the text appears to be the work of at least 3 various scribes. The lettering is in iron gall ink, and the colours used were derived from a wide variety of substances, a few of which were imported from remote lands.

Today, it is housed at Trinity College Library, Dublin which normally has on display screen at any offered time 2 of the present 4 volumes, one showing a significant illustration and the other revealing normal text pages. A digitized variation of the whole manuscript may also be seen online.

From The Book of Kells, The University of Dublin Trinity College, College Green, Dublin to Home Improvements Dublin at Moyne Park, 1, Maynetown, Dublin via Malahide Rd/R107 Route

  • 27 min (13.1 km)
  • Continue to Lincoln Pl/R138
  • 3 min (700 m)
  • Head north
  • 650 m
  • Slight left toward Lincoln Pl/R138
  • Restricted usage road
  • 40 m
  • Take R105, Malahide Rd/R107 and R123 to Moyne Rd in Fingal
  • 25 min (12.3 km)
  • Turn left onto Lincoln Pl/R138
  • 68 m
  • Turn left onto Westland Row/R118/R138
  • 260 m
  • Use any lane to turn left onto Pearse St/R118/R138/R802
  • Continue to follow R802
  • 750 m
  • Slight right onto Beresford Pl/R105
  • 220 m
  • Continue straight onto Amiens St/R105
  • Continue to follow R105
  • 1.6 km
  • Continue onto Annesley Bridge Rd
  • 300 m
  • Continue onto Fairview/R105
  • Continue to follow R105
  • 450 m
  • Slight left onto Malahide Rd/R107
  • 4.7 km
  • At the roundabout, take the 2nd exit and stay on Malahide Rd/R107
  • 1.5 km
  • Turn right onto Balgriffin Cottages/R123
  • Continue to follow R123
  • 2.4 km
  • Turn right onto Moyne Rd
  • Destination will be on the right
  • 43 s (71 m)

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